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What is a cataract?

A cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. If you have cataracts the lens becomes cloudy like the bottom lens in the illustration.It is like looking through the foggy or dusty car windshield. Things look blurry, hazy or less colorful in the cataract. Most cataracts develop slowly and don’t disturb your eyesight early on. But with time it affects your vision. The person who has a cataract has to face difficulty in reading, driving and recognizing the facial expression of the person standing in front of him.Cataracts can be removed only through cataract surgery in which the natural lens of the eye is replaced by an artificial lens.
In this article, you will know all about cataracts, their symptoms, their causes and the procedure of cataract eye surgery.

Symptoms of cataract

Signs and symptoms of cataracts are listed below.
• Blurry, cloudy and dim vision.
• Seeing halos around the light
• Fading or yellowing colour
• Double vision in a single eye
• Frequent changes in eyeglass or lenses prescribed
• Sensitive to light and glare
• Difficulty in reading and other activities, especially at night
• Increasing difficulty in vision at night
• Need for brighter light to read at night

Causes of Cataract

Here are some factors that lead to cataracts. These factors are given below.
• Aging is the most common factor that leads to cataracts. This is due to common eye changes that start after the age of 40.
• Breaking down of normal protein in the lens causes the lens to get cloudy.
• It can be genetic means it can transfer from your parents to your brother, sister and you.
• Having medical problems like diabetes and high blood pressure.
• Bad habits like smoking or drinking.
• In case of eye injury, eye surgery or radiation treatment is done on the upper part of the body.
• Having spent a lot of time in the sun, especially without sunglasses. With the time, the cataract increases.
• To get rid of a cataract you need to get cataract eye surgery. In the further article, you will know about cataract eye surgery.

Cataract eye surgery

Cataract surgery is performed to treat cataracts. During cataract surgery, the cloudy lens is removed and a new artificial lens is implanted in your eye. Your eye is like a camera, has a lens for focusing light. This lens is naturally clear. When this lens turns cloudy and your eye can’t focus light, it’s called a cataract. In some cases, cataract is removed without implanting an artificial lens. This surgery is quick and painless. More than 50% of people over 80 have cataract and have had cataract surgery. About 90% of people have a successful surgery and got complete improvement in vision. It takes up to eight weeks for complete recovery.

Benefits of cataract eye surgery

Some benefits of cataract surgery are listed below:-
• Quick procedure
• Simple recovery
• Improve vision
• Better quality of life
• Protect your eye health
• painless

The procedure of cataract surgery

You have to be awake for the surgery the ophthalmologist will numb your eye with medicines so that you could not feel any pain. This surgery takes an hour. First of all the surgeon will make a tiny cut in front of your eye, sometimes with the help of a laser. Through this, they will put in a small tool to break up the cataract and gently suction it out. Next, they will put a new artificial lens which is made of plastic, silicon or acrylic and close the cut.

Side effects of cataracts surgery

The side effects of cataract surgery are rare. But these things can take place after the surgery
1. Infection or swelling in the eye
2. Retinal detachment: - the breaking away of the layer of tissues at the back side of your eye that senses light.
3. Bleeding
4. Drooping eyelid
5. The temporary rise in eye pressure after 12-24 hours of the surgery.

Frequently Asked Questions

Laser surgery for cataract is eye surgery that uses a laser to remove the cloud from the eye and replace it with a clear lens. It is a newer, more advanced form of cataract surgery than traditional cataract surgery, which uses scalpels and other surgical instruments to remove the cloud.
Benefits of Laser Surgery for Cataract
Laser surgery for cataract has many advantages over cataract surgery:
• Faster recovery time
• Less discomfort
• Less complication
• More results

Cataract is called मोतियाबिंद (motiyabind) . This is a condition in which the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, preventing light from reaching the retina. This can cause blurred vision, difficulty seeing at night, and other vision problems.

जब प्रकाश धुंधले लेंस से स्पष्ट रूप से नहीं गुजर पाता तो धुंधली छवि बनती है। ... के परिणामस्वरूप होने वाली क्षीण दृष्टि को आमतौर पर मोतियाबिंद कहा जाता है। धुंधली दृष्टि मोतियाबिंद से पीड़ित लोगों के लिए पढ़ने, काम करने और रात के दौरान गाड़ी चलाने में समस्या पैदा करती है।

पिछले दशक में भारत में मोतियाबिंद से पीड़ित लोगों की संख्या 2.2 करोड़ से बढ़कर 6.8 करोड़ हो गई है। ऑपरेशन के बिना मोतियाबिंद का इलाज असंभव है। मोतियाबिंद आंख की सतह पर बादल छाने के कारण होता है, जिससे दृष्टि ख़राब हो जाती है।
मोतियाबिंद के इलाज की सबसे लोकप्रिय तकनीक सर्जरी है, जिसमें डॉक्टर मोतियाबिंद को हटा देता है और एक प्रतिस्थापन लेंस डालता है। अधिकांश समय, यह प्रक्रिया सुरक्षित, सफल और सुरक्षित होती है और दृष्टि को बढ़ाती है।
मोतियाबिंद के इलाज की किसी भी आवश्यकता पर किसी विशेषज्ञ से चर्चा करना आवश्यक है, जो आपको सर्वोत्तम सलाह और उपचार के विकल्प प्रदान करेगा। सर्जरी के बिना, मोतियाबिंद को ठीक करना मुश्किल होता है, और उपचार में देरी से दृश्य समस्याओं का खतरा बढ़ जाता है।

Cataract surgery is a commonly used surgical procedure to remove the cloud in the eye and replace it with a clear lens. This is one of the most common surgeries in India.
The cataract surgery cost can vary depending on a variety of factors, including:
• Type of surgery performed : Cataract surgery is less expensive than cataract surgery.
• Surgeon Fees : Surgeon fees will vary depending on their experience, location and needs.
• Where the surgery is performed : The cost of living in the area will affect the cost of the surgery.
• Whether or not you have insurance : Most health plans cover cataract surgery, but it may be an out-of-pocket cost.
If you are concerned about cataract surgery cost, visit Bharti Eye Foundation. The Foundation can help you understand your options and find ways to make cataract surgery affordable for you.

Motiyabind is the Hindi word for cataract. This is a condition in which the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, preventing light from reaching the retina. This can cause blurred vision, difficulty seeing at night, and other vision problems.
Treatment for Motiyabind
The only way to treat motiyabind is with surgery. During cataract surgery, the cloudy lens is removed from the eye and replaced with a clear artificial lens.
If you have any questions or concerns about motiyabind or cataract surgery, visit Bharti Eye Foundation.

मोतियाबिंद ज्यादातर आंखों के लेंस में बदलाव के कारण होता है, जो अक्सर उम्र बढ़ने के साथ होता है। इन परिवर्तनों के परिणामस्वरूप दृष्टि की हानि होती है, जो लेंस को धुंधला और अवरुद्ध बना देती है।
कुछ मुख्य कारण जो मोतियाबिंद को बढ़ा देते हैं,
1.उम्र बढ़ना
2. चोट लगना

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