A cataract is a very common eye disorder found in old adult people who are over 40. A cataract is popularly known as motiyabind. In cataracts, the natural lens of the eye gets cloudy and the person who has cataracts in his eye has to face difficulty in seeing clearly. Their vision becomes cloudy, dim, or blurred. When they see toward the light, the halos create around the light. Cataracts can’t be treated with any kind of medication. It can be prevented only with surgery. And today in this article we will discuss one of the surgeries named “phacoemulsification" cataract eye surgery. We will also discuss its advantages, disadvantages, and procedure.
Phacoemulsification is a modern type of cataract eye surgery. This surgery is extremely safe.
Phacoemulsification cataract eye surgery was first introduced in 1967. In phacoemulsification surgery, the cloudy lens of the eye is broken into pieces with the help of ultrasound which are then suctioned out of the eye. A new artificial intraocular lens is implanted in place of a natural cloudy lens. It has a high success rate; people who got this surgery, experienced more improved vision and ability to identify the colors and depth more after this surgery.
• No need for hospitalization after surgery: - The patient is able to walk in and walk out the surgery, if there is no sign of any complications.
• Smaller incision: - phacoemulsification is a bladeless surgery. No hard instruments like blades or scissors are used.
• No bandage minimal precautions:- there is no need for any bandage because a small incision is used in it.
• No restriction on normal activities: - the patient can do his job from the next day of the surgery.
• Faster recovery: - the patient gets recovered within three days if you follow the prescribed instructions properly.
• Better vision result: - after the surgery the patient experiences clear vision and even the need for the prescribed eyeglasses reduces.
It’s good to know the procedure of the phacoemulsification cataract eye surgery so that you can feel comfortable and relaxed during the surgery.
Your ophthalmologist will examine to check your affected eye thoroughly using ultrasound or ultra laser device. He will give you some medications to make u relax and he will also put some eye drops or medication injections with a needle to numb your eye so that you could not feel any pain.
During the surgery, the surgeon makes a small incision at the edge of the cornea and then creates an opening in the membrane that surrounds the lens. After that, he will insert ultrasonic probe to break the cloudy lens into tiny fragments. Then fragments are suctioned out of the eye by an attachment to the probe tip. After the lens particle removal, the new intraocular lens is implanted and positioned into the lenses natural capsule. Once the lens is pushed through, it unfolds and is positioned in place.
The small incision made in the cornea requires no stitches and it is self-sealing. Within a few days, the incision heals completely. After the surgery, you will be discharged to go home on the same day. The doctor will prescribe you some eye drops and some medicines containing antibiotics, steroids, non-steroidal and inflammatory.
• Expensive devices and instruments are used
• The use of disposable equipments adds to the coat of the surgery.
• Lack of surgical skill and training in most of the medical institutions.
A Centre of Excellence in Eye Care for 37 years, Bharti Eye Foundation was conceptualised and nurtured by Dr. S. Bharti in 1985. The hospital has been accredited for patient safety and quality of care by the National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) , a constituent Board of Quality Council of India. All super-speciality eye treatment services and investigations are available under one roof.
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